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Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that shows itself in the form of seizures. Seizures are the disruption of electrical activity of the brain can last from 30 seconds to two minutes. Physical signs of a seizure include uncontrolled convulsions, repeated blinking of the eyes, difficulty breathing or talking, and loss of bladder control.
Diagnosis is given if someone has two or more unprovoked seizures in the span of 24 hours. It may be caused by genetic inheritance, infections, or a change in brain structure from brain injury and affects 65 million people worldwide of all ages. 34% of sudden deaths in children are caused by Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy.
Epilepsy may be characterized by a group of features to identify epilepsy syndromes. Common types of Epilepsy Syndromes include: West syndrome, Doose syndrome, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, and Sturge-Weber syndrome.
Most epileptic patients are either prescribed long-term drug therapy that runs the risk of serious side effects, try dietary or behavioral therapies, or undergo brain surgery when medicine does not work. Medical marijuana is a potential treatment for epilepsy as research studies imply that CBD can act as an anticonvulsant and can significantly reduce seizures without psychoactive effects. Rigorous clinical trials for medical cannabis in epilepsy are continuing to run in hopes of achieving FDA approval.